Nieuwe publicatie Kea Tijdens, Janna Besamusca en Maarten van Klaveren

How can an informal job in formal establishments be defined? Who has an informal job?
What are the labour market outcomes? This article uses data of comparable face-to-face surveys in nine
countries: Benin, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal and Togo. An index for job-based
informality is developed, based on employment status and contribution and entitlement to social
security. Young and low-educated workers are more likely to hold informal jobs; even more so are workers
in small enterprises, in trade, transport and hospitality, and in unskilled occupations, while workers in skilled
occupations and with high education are less likely to hold informal jobs. No evidence is found regarding
gendered effects. The more informal, the poorer the labour market outcomes: wages are lower, while the
chances are higher of being paid below the minimum wage, working more than 48 hours and not being
covered by a collective agreement.

Copies available from the authors

Kea Tijdens
Janna Besamusca
Maarten van Klaveren

| More