New publication: Job Creation in Business Services: Innovation, Demand, Polarisation

By Francesco Bogliacino (a, e), Matteo Lucchese (b, c) and Mario Pianta (b, d)

a AIAS – Universiteit van Amsterdam
b University of Urbino
c ISTAT
d Centro Linceo Interdisciplinare, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Roma
e European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS)

In the journal: Structural Change and Economic Dynamics (Elsevier)
Available online 13 August 2012 at ScienceDirect.com

Abstract

The patterns and mechanisms of job creation in business services are investigated in this article by considering the role of innovation, demand, wages and the composition of employment by professional groups. A model is developed and an empirical test is carried out with parallel analyses on a group of selected business services, on other services and on manufacturing sectors, considering six major European countries over the period 1996-2007.

Within technological activities a distinction is made between those supporting either technological competitiveness or cost competitiveness strategies. Demand variables allow identifying the special role of intermediate demand. Job creation in business services appears to be driven by efforts to expand technological competitiveness and by the fast growing intermediate demand coming from other industries; conversely, process innovation leads to job losses and wage growth has a negative effect that is lower than in other industries. Business services show an increasingly polarized employment structure.

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