New article by Ferry Koster: Europeanization and the political economy of active labour market policies

Olaf van Vliet
Leiden University, The Netherlands

Ferry Koster
Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands,
AIAS, The Netherlands,
Leiden University, The Netherlands

In this article Olaf van Vliet (LEI) and Ferry Koster (EUR/AIAS/LEI) investigate how cross national differences in labour market reforms can be explained by European integration. The analyses lead to the conclusion that the European Employment Strategy (EES) has contributed to shifts from passive to active labour market policies as it stimulates mutual learning through the peer review programme.

Abstract

Previous studies show that reforms in labour market policies differ across countries. This may be partly owing to the impact of European integration on these policy reforms. Whereas most of these studies are qualitative case studies, the present study aims at explaining cross-national variation in expenditures on active labour market policies (ALMPs) quantitatively. Relying on pooled time-series data, the study tests whether and how Europeanization influenced activation. The analyses lead to the conclusion that the European Employment Strategy (EES) has contributed to shifts from passive to active labour market policies. Using new indicators, we trace the impact of specific mechanisms of the EES, resulting in evidence for the influence of mutual learning through the peer review programme.

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