AIAS Seminar 1 July: Danilo Marinho (University of Brasilia, AIAS guest)

‘Decoupling’ in labour market policies and the governance failure: explaining the paradox of the unemployment insurance program in Brazil

Danilo Marinho

Day: Tuesday 1 July 2014
Time: 12.30 – 14.30 hrs.
Location: AIAS, 2nd floor, G building, Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130, Amsterdam
Registration: Please send an email, preferably before Thursday 26 June, 12.00 hrs, to register.
A sandwich will then be provided.
Chair: Nuria Ramos
Discussant: Maarten Keune

Abstract

The proposal is to analyze Public Employment Services (PES) within the context of Labour Market Policies (LMPs) in Brazil, establishing their role in the economy, their effectiveness and their tendencies. The country aims at improving its social policies and its LMPs, expanding rights and increasing protections, despite the current international environment of major pressure on social solidarity.
A growing financing crisis of the Unemployment Insurance Program directly strikes at the expansion and advancement of LMPs in Brazil; the crisis was triggered by the excessive rise in expenses of unemployment insurance benefits and the repercussion came about in the shape of pressures to establish more strict provisions to access such benefits. This increase in expenses unveils this seeming political paradox, which is the growth of unemployment insurance beneficiaries running parallel to the decline of unemployment rates. The low efficacy of PES has also been highlighted in the paper; its procedure and its organizational structure have been questioned. The public employment service is the allocation center of the labour market policy; hence, its proper functioning is essential to policy effectiveness. On the other hand, the financing crisis is a result of positive events, the rise in formal employment and the minimum wage, both producing a major social impact.
The difficulty to implement changes in order to improve the effectiveness of LMPs is related to the feeble role played by the interested parties, namely employees and employers, even though the coordination is formally tripartite. The government controls; it is a trait of the Brazilian state capitalism, in which the path dependence has been commonplace. On the other hand, changes have been taking place; thus, there is room for critical optimism. Unlike most countries, including those belonging to the OECD, Brazil has reduced income inequality in this century, having as determining factors social policies and their interfaces with the LMPs, with an emphasis on unemployment insurance. To keep on reducing inequality, which is still high, it is essential to strengthen the PES, not to restrict it.

Bio Danilo Cortes Nolasco Marinho

Danilo Marinho graduated in Psychology from the University of Brasilia (1973), MA in Sociology – Mississippi State University (1979), Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Brasilia (1991) and post-doctoral senior UNICAMP. He was EMBRAPA researcher, a professor in the Department of Sociology and the Center for the Americas at the University of Brasilia for 18 years. Worked in the area of Rural Sociology, acting on the following topics: rural development, rural settlements, science and technology policy and agrarian reform. He currently teaches sociology of development, and rural sociology. Research papers and academic interest are related to development theory, assessment and design of public and social policy with a concentration in the areas of labor / unions, rural development, education, health and justice. From September 2013 to August 2014 he is as Schollar visiting the Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS) of the University of Amsterdam. Click here for more information

University of Brasília, Institute of Humanities, Department of Sociology
CAMPUS UNB
ASA NORTH
70910900 – Brasilia, DF – Brazil
Phone: (61) 3494056
Fax: (61) 3473663
E-mail: nolascounb@gmail.com

 
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