AIAS Lunch Seminar 10 maart - Heejung Chung - Tilburg University & AIAS

Gender differences in work-family conflict: Role of culture norms


Abstract

Increasingly individuals face work-family conflict, that is the tension felt due to the pressing demands from both household tasks and family care responsibilities and from paid work. Despite the vast number of studies that examine the determinants of individuals’ perceived work-family conflict, those relating to the impact of national contexts are still lacking and thus inconclusive. One example is the role of gender norms at the country level. Many past studies conclude that progressive gender cultures will enhance combination pressures of individuals, that is, the pressure to combine both work and family life simultaneously, and thus increase work-family conflict of individuals more than traditional gender cultures, tasks are clearly divided. A major limitation to this line of studies is that most are based on a restricted number of countries and that the gender norms are measured as a one dimensional concept. Contrary to this assumption, gender norms are multi-dimensional which may not always correspond to one another. Another aspect that is lacking in this field of study is the investigation of gender gaps found across countries in work-family conflict. It is yet known whether this gap is constant or different across countries and what roles national contexts play in explaining this variance. Thus, this study aims to fill these gaps by examining and explaining the cross-national variance in perceived work-family conflict of European individuals and the gender gap in this perception, with a special emphasis on the role of gender norms. Unlike previous studies, gender norms will be examined in three different dimensions; the norms concerning the roles of mothers at home and in the workplace, the role of men at home, and the role of women in the labour market. This relationship is modelled through the use of multi-level modelling techniques, and the cross-national European data sets, namely the European Quality of Life Survey of 2007 and the European Value Study for the year 2008, are used for the individual and country level variables respectively. The preliminary analysis outcomes show that there is indeed a cross-national variance in the gap between men and women in the tensions perceived between work and family demands. In addition, gender norms seem to play a significant role in explaining the work-family conflict perceived by European individuals.

The presenter

Heejung Chung
Post-doc Reseacher/Manager at Department of Sociology/EDACwowe – Tilburg University
Guest Researcher at AIAS

Dag: Donderdag 10 maart
Tijd: 12.15 – 13.15 uur.
Locatie: AIAS, 3e verdieping gebouw M, Plantage Muidergracht 12
Inschrijven: Stuur ons een e-mail vóór dinsdag 8 maart 12.00.
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