AIAS Lunch Seminar 14 mei - Heejung Chung (AIAS & UvT)

‘What is it good for? Performance outcomes of working time flexibility of European companies’

Heejung Chung (AIAS & Universiteit van Tilburg)


Working time flexibility has been gaining much attention for its ability to facilitate the needs of both employers and employees. As working time practices can facilitate the needs of both sides, they will have different implications in regards to performance outcomes. This paper examines the issue of performance implication of working time flexibility through examining the practices of European establishments. Here, working time flexibility practices are examined not as separate arrangements but the use and combination of various types of arrangements. To do this the concept components of working time flexibility is used. Previous studies have concluded that there are two bundles of working time flexibility, the employee-oriented and the employer-oriented. Here the performance outcomes include not only economic outcomes but also other human resource related problem issues as absenteeism, sickness, motivation of workers, recruitment, retaining workers etc. Here a multilevel regression model is used. Through this we can find the cross-national variation of the relationship between the working time flexibility components and performance outcomes. In addition, we use interaction terms in the model to examine the cross-sectoral variation in the relationship found.

Analyses outcomes show that companies that use employee-oriented working time components more than others, do fare better in terms of human resource related issues and the companies that use employer-oriented working time components do fare worse. The effect of the employer-oriented working time component seems to be much stronger than that of the employee-oriented working time component, where the use of the former seems to eliminate the positive effect of the latter. Examining the relationship between economic situations of the company, the use of working time flexibility, and performance outcomes in terms of human resource related issues, we could see somewhat of a virtuous and vicious cycle. Lastly, there are cross-national and cross-sectoral variations in the positive relationship found between the employee-oriented working time flexibility and performance outcomes, where the positive relationship could be seen in some countries and some sectors while not in others. However, the negative relationship found between the employer-oriented working time flexibility and performance outcomes is constant in all countries and all sectors, although the strength of this relationship varies.

Voor het volledige hoofdstuk, klik hier

Dag: Donderdag 14 mei
Tijd: 12.15 – 13.15 uur.
Locatie: AIAS, 3e verdieping gebouw M, Plantage Muidergracht 12
Inschrijven: Stuur ons a.u.b. zo snel mogelijk een mail.
Dan ligt er een broodje voor u klaar.

Klik hier voor een overzicht van alle lunch seminars van februari – juni 2009

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